Friday, March 16, 2018

Flower Show Season

March is the month for flower shows. I enjoyed two, starting with the acclaimed 'biggest and best' in Philadelphia. As usual, winter didn't pause its brutal attack, and this year there were two nor'easters, Winter Storm Riley barrelled in as the show was about to start; Quinn arrived on the days for which I'd made hotel reservations and booked an early morning tour. Fortunately, I was able to reschedule both; I'm so happy it worked out. My only disappointment was that some of the plants were beginning to fade. I prefer to go earlier in the week when the flowers are very fresh, but the snowstorms caused my change of plans. The theme was 'Wonders of Water' celebrating the interplay between life-sustaining water and horticulture. Entering the show, instead of the usual entrance way or archway, we walked through a tropical rainforest, with its canopy of lush plants, following a winding path toward a 25-foot waterfall. All around were the sounds of the rainforest, plus the sights and scents of nearly 4,000 tropical plants, including orchids, heliconias, and anthuriums. It was impossible for me, with my insufficient photography skills, to capture the effect of the ever-shifting rain curtain and the misting pool. The beauty and wonder of the rainforest entrance garden highlighted the significance of the rainforest's vital role in purifying water and sustaining our environment.

Lucite tubes depicting rain submerge visitors in a watery world

The education aspect of the event focused upon the importance of clean water in out lives and innovative ways to protect and conserve our finite water sources. One exhibit showed how plant systems cleanse and sustain the Delaware River Watershed through mountains, fields, marshes and streams. Plants are the heroes, providing riparian buffers on the edges of rivers and waterways.

Horsetail, or scouring, rushes cleanse the water at the edges of the river.

In contrast, Waldor Orchids took you under the sea with their clever display of orchids depicting a coral reef.

A coral reef of orchids
 Laelia Santa Barbara Sunset 'Showtime'

I am always amazed at the quality and quantity of plants submitted for display and for competition. A few of my favorites this year:

Top: Dendrobium speciosum. Right: new rock garden iris. Left: Fothergilla
10,000 tulip bulbs made up this colorful display

I adored the interiorscape called 'A Botanist's Fantastical Library' submitted by the Wissahicken Garden Club. This competition entry brought together a love of plants and of books. A wall of falling water to the left of the bookcase, large staghorn ferns on the adjacent wall, orchids and other beautiful plants in the room, and each book with dried flowers on its spine, made this my favorite display of the show. Maybe, being a librarian (in another life) caused my prejudice, but books and plants in elegant surroundings, what more could a gardener want?

A Botanist's Fantastical Library

On an early morning tour, I was privileged to listen to several designers explaining their gardens. I was struck by 'Verdant Delight' by Irwin Landscaping. Water fell from one pool to the next (over straight edges to create sound) in this unusual garden space. The plant material defined the seasonal use of the garden.

After two days at the Philadelphia Flower Show, we returned home, took one day's rest, then visited the  Lehigh Valley Flower and Garden Show. There we found a more traditional garden pond and waterfall.

Waterfall in a koi fishpond

At both shows we observed vertical gardens and living walls -- definitely a trend now. The living wall at the Lehigh Valley Show was especially stunning. Beautiful plants grew on the outside wall of a potting shed which was heated by a solar panel.

Left: Vertical garden at the Phili show. Right: Living wall at the Allentown Show.

The Lehigh Valley show is very small, but worth a visit. The many early blooming flowers for sale gave me a welcome taste of spring. I bought a miniature daffodil and two primroses and took spring home.

I purchased the primrose on the left

More favorites of mine:

Cyclamen (in great container), pitcher plant, and staghorn fern in moss on a rustic board. 

The theme this year was 'Fields, Farms, and Backyards' which explained the presence of some cute animals.

The flower and garden shows that proliferate this time of year herald spring and the beginning of the garden season. Unfortunately, the weather does not agree with more snow on the way...

Have you been to, or are you planning to attend, a good flower show this year? I hope so.

Pamela x

Begonia with cockleshell-shaped leaves

I love reading your comments. I hope you leave one so I’ll know you visited! 
I look forward to visiting your blog in return.

Monday, February 26, 2018

Is the Love of Gardening Genetic?

The beautiful gardener in this newspaper picture was my husband's mother, Constance. During the Second World War, while my father-in-law was deployed in the army, she planted a victory garden. Along with nearly 20 million Americans, Connie answered the government's call to grow vegetables to increase food production. The victory garden was a practical way to contribute to the war effort. At the time, she lived in New Brunswick, New Jersey, where she worked for Johnson and Johnson. The company published the picture on the cover of their Bulletin and wrote a brief article commending her. They said, 'Her Victory Garden is miraculously free of weeds because of her constant and excellent care.' 

The Johnson and Johnson bulletin
 (I love the 'Buy War Bonds' ad. on the same page.)

Connie was raised on a farm; after the war, she purchased Astolat Farm where her children were born and where H.H. and I live to this day. She continued growing a vegetable garden into her 80's, riding the big field tractor to cultivate between the rows. She never would let H.H. drive it since he drove over her seedlings when he was very young. As she aged, we became increasingly afraid she would fall off, so finally, H.H. removed the wire to the tractor coil, so that it wouldn't start for her.

 During the Second World War, in England, my mother contributed to the war effort by becoming a land girl. The Women's Land Army was a British civilian organization that the government created so women could replace field hands in agriculture when the men were called up to the military. My mother was placed with a farm that needed workers. I have no idea who the boy was in the picture; maybe he was the farmer's son.

My mother the Land Girl. She was about 20 years old in this picture.

My mother credits her love of plants to her parents. My grandfather grew prize-winning vegetables, while my grandmother loved the flowers in her cottage garden. She grew lupines, delphiniums, and many of the cottage garden plants I grow today.
My grandmother and me surrounded by lupines in her garden

When she was an 'old age pensioner', my grandmother moved to a small bungalow for the elderly. She continued growing her flower garden until she died. Her obituary stated, 'Always fond of an active life, she was a keen gardener, and in 1956 and 1957 she won first and second prizes respectively in best kept gardens competitions.'

First place for my grandmother's garden
(On the certificate her home is described as occupied by an old person. She was 65 at the time, so I believe that makes this gardener a very old person?)

My mother continued the gardening tradition. I wrote about her gardens HERE. and HERE.

My mothers spring garden
She loved crocosmia, delphiniums, hydrangeas, and her garden ornaments.
(The garden ornament was from Jo who blogs at Through the Keyhole
Jo offers lots of giveaways and I was the lucky one that time.)

More of my mother's favorite flowers.

My ninety-year old mother in her garden   

The garden looked somewhat different when my dad was alive. He had a greenhouse that he built himself from used window panes. 

Dad's greenhouse was located at the bottom of the garden
(It's difficult to see in the picture, but my mother collected gnomes -- an English trait.) 

My Dad added a gutter for rainwater; it rained often. He propped open part of the roof with a stick when it was too hot. Dad was very proud of the tomatoes he grew in his greenhouse; the climate wasn't hot enough to grow them outside. I must say, they tasted pretty good for hothouse tomatoes, but you can't beat those grown in my sunny garden -- I never told him that.

 As well as tomatoes and other vegetables, my dad grew roses. They were fabulous.

Some of Dad's roses.

My question is this: Is a love of gardening genetic? I believe it is. I've always felt my passion came from my parents and grandparents. I've passed it to one of my grandsons. But the gardening gene seems to have missed my husband, although he is very willing to help with any gardening task I ask of him. His sister, however, is a home gardener.

There was an interesting discussion among some of the RHS community in England on this topic. Some believe the gardening gene can be passed on, although of course there is no scientific evidence. Others believe it is 'social engineering' -- modeled behavior. What do you think?

Genetic or not, I'm glad I've got the gardening bug.

Pamela x

I love reading your comments. I hope you leave one so I’ll know you visited! 
I look forward to visiting your blog in return.

Saturday, February 10, 2018

Counting the Winter Birds in My Backyard

Anybody can take part in the Great Backyard Bird Count (GBBC.) It's free. It's fun. Every year I mark my calendar for this four-day event in February. Birdwatchers around the world count for as little as 15 minutes a day for one or more days then report the sightings online at Led by Cornell Lab. of Ornithology, the National Audubon Society, and many international partners, the purpose of this citizen-science project is to provide a snapshot of the distribution and abundance of wildbirds around the world in real time. Scientists use this information to answer questions like, "How will the weather and climate change influence bird populations?" and "How are bird diseases, such as West Nile virus, affecting birds in different regions?" More than 160,000 people of all ages and all walks of life participate. The 2018 GBBC takes place from Friday, February 16 through Monday, February 19 and I'm ready -- well, nearly ready, I just have to clean the French windows where I stand to count (I'm waiting for the temperature to go above freezing tomorrow before doing this task.)

The French windows in the garden room are framed by branches from the old catalpa tree. Birds gather there to take turn visiting the bird feeder that hangs from one of the branches.  Click on the next picture to enlarge it; there are four or five birds waiting there:

Cardinals, a sparrow, and a black-eyed junco wait in the catalpa tree.
Can you see the chickadee?

One of the catalpa's larger branches is perfectly placed for my bird photography. Unfortunately, this old branch is dying; it will fall one of these days, so we are careful not to walk beneath it. I will be so sad when it is gone because it enables me to get some great shots. 

White-breasted nuthatch on my favorite-for-photography branch

The bird feeder hangs from this same branch. It looks like a cheery, red barn. H.H. keeps the feeder full of sunflower seeds that attract many species of birds.

House finch on the bird feeder in a snowstorm

Below the tree, on the back porch, there is a water dish containing a small heater that prevents the water from freezing in the Pocono's subfreezing temperatures of winter. This is another of H.H.'s projects: he keeps it clean and topped with water. The heated water dish attracts all sorts of birds and other wildlife. My favorites are the bluebirds, but we have seen very few this season. I'm not sure if the bluebirds' decline is caused by lower-than-usual temperatures, the proliferation of house sparrows, or some other reason. The GBBC study may shed some light on this problem. I hope the bluebirds  return in the spring.

White-throated sparrow on the heated water dish
A single Eastern bluebird -- usually there are several at the waterdish

In addition to the seed feeder, H.H. hangs a suet feeder on the deck. This is for the woodpeckers. We see several species in our garden but the most frequent visitors are the red-bellied and the downy woodpeckers.

Red-bellied woodpecker
Downy woodpecker

Providing food, water, and shelter are ways to attract birds to the yard. Unfortunately, they draw less desirable wildlife, especially my adversary, the grey squirrel. (I don't use that word lightly -- did you know, The Adversary -- uppercase A -- means the Devil? Very appropriate.) The bird feeder is supposed to be squirrel-proof, but they know how to get at the seeds. They even remove the roof sometimes and climb right inside.

Not even the blue jay, with all it's squawking, scares away the squirrel.

Blue jay

In spite of the squirrels, the birds continue to return to my yard.

Black-eyed junco

To take part in the bird count, simply tally the numbers and types of birds you see, noting the time you watched. You can count from any location for as long as you wish. All the information you need to get started is on the website HERE. I do hope you join the fun!

How many birds will you count?

Pamela x

I love reading your comments. I hope you leave one so I’ll know you visited! 
I look forward to visiting your blog in return.

Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Successes and Failures in the Cottage Garden

The new projects and changes we made to the gardens last year were generally successful, but there were some failures, too.  This is a good time to assess what happened and make plans for the 2018 gardening season.

Kitchen Garden
The big change to the vegetable garden was the cold frame that we added onto the potting shed. This was a resounding success. I planted some cold-weather crops in there near the end of the season and had Swiss chard, lettuce, and cabbages well after the first frost. I look forward to an early spring harvest from the cold frame.

We enjoyed a bountiful supply of vegetables from the raised beds, shown in the collage above. Cucumbers, zucchini, bell peppers, beans, snow peas, red beets, and onions, all our old favorites, produced more than enough for the two of us. I added garlic and leeks, too, last year. The tomatoes were not a success, however. They took too long to ripen with the cool, cloudy summer we experienced. When eventually they turned red they were not firm or tasty. Previous years I've had more success with cherry and plum tomatoes than with the 'Beefsteak', so this year I'll go with the little fellows. I've bought most of my vegetable seeds already; planning and diagramming the kitchen garden is my next gardening task.

Another successful project was adding the skimmer to the pond. The water was so much clearer than previous years. When we closed the pond in the fall, we took out the water irises and other plants. I usually divide them at that time, but they were so out of control (with great masses of roots splitting the sides and bottoms of the pots) that I decided to compost them and start over next spring. I know that was the lazy and more expensive solution, but I couldn't face the mammoth task. Splitting the clay potting medium requires strength, and that's what this old body is lacking. And planning a new water garden is something to look forward to.

The tall water plants had to go as they were pot bound and out of control

Cottage Garden
Most of the new plantings in the herbaceous border were enormously successful. The smoke bush and potentilla I especially love. The foxglove bloomed from June until fall. So beautiful. I am praying it comes back this year in spite of the cruel winter we are experiencing. The bare root delphiniums that I planted the previous fall did not come up. I was so disappointed, and bought plants at a garden center in the spring. They didn't have the giant ones; the ones I bought were pretty but not very tall. I already ordered giant delphinium plants to be delivered this year. I feel strongly that an English cottage garden should have tall delphiniums.

Herbaceous border in the cottage garden

One unexpected success: I was delighted that the hollyhock leaves had no rust. I don't know why, but I'll take it.

My rust-free hollyhocks
Foxglove, delphinium, and potentilla.

Abundance Garden
Abundance 'does its own thing.' I allow the plants to spread, but when they get too big I have to act. The Joe Pye, although a dwarf variety, engulfed a clethra shrub. I must move the shrub to where it will have its own space. One of my biggest mistakes is planting stuff too close together. I have quite a lot of moving to do this spring.

Joe Pye weed in front of the the sunflower is covering a sweet shrub

The sunflowers were both a success and a failure. They were stunning when they came into bloom, taking 'Best in Show' at the West End Fair. Then the sunflower stem borer attacked again and killed the lot. This happened the previous year and I thought I had cleaned up the beds thoroughly. Of course I didn't plant last year's sunflowers in the same spot. I burned the damaged plants and cleaned up again. I'm not planting sunflowers this year; maybe a year's break will help get rid of the pests.

My roses and clematis were very poor in 2017 because of excessive rain, I think, as neither plant likes wet feet. I cut back the two clematis climbing the arbor over the kitchen garden gate because they looked so ratty. I wasn't sure if pruning them at that time would cause damage, but one of them came back and bloomed in the fall. I hope they both return and bloom well this year.

Late-blooming clematis

 Serenity Garden
 Serenity was worrisome as I continued to try to repair the damage caused by the removal of the white birch tree. Many plants were trampled by clumsy feet; some were scorched by the sun when their precious shade was removed. I relocated some of the shade lovers to a new foundation bed, but that didn't help as the west-facing area now receives hot, afternoon sun. I decided to plant some sun-lovers in the former shade bed, specifically all white blooms to create a moon garden. That proved to be a disaster when another maple tree 'cleverly' increased its canopy, so that shade was restored to the location. Oh dear, I moved plants again. But I'm glad to say, by the end  of the season, Serenity was looking more serene again.

Japanese forest grass beautifully fills in where plants were trampled
The 'moon garden' didn't work here when shade was restored.

Woodland Walk
As I said, I have even more plants to move to a more favorable location. In the Woodland Walk, the ligularia that my friend, Peg, gave me, isn't growing bigger and hasn't bloomed.  It needs more sun. I haven't yet decided where to put it. 

 Ligularia between the log and the path in the Woodland Walk

Finally, my 2017 window boxes were a failure. I tried growing petunias from seed without much success. I didn't even take a picture, they were so unimpressive. This year, I'll buy young plants from my favorite supplier.

To-do List for 2018

  • Add giant delphiniums to the herbaceous border (ordered)
  • Purchase water plants for the pond
  • Buy plants not seeds for the window boxes on the tractor shed
  • Grow plum and cherry tomatoes
  • Move clethra, ligularia, white clematis, aster, as they are all in the wrong places
  • Continue to monitor shade in Abundance Garden

A few plants to buy but no major projects planned this year. What is on your to-do list for the new gardening season?

Pamela x

Window boxes in 2016 were a success.

I love reading your comments. I hope you leave one so I’ll know you visited! 
I look forward to visiting your blog in return.